You hear the term “501(c)3” used to identify “nonprofits” but did you know that there are 3 distinct types of 501(c)3 nonprofit organizations that the IRS recognizes in the Internal Revenue Code?
The different types of 501(c)3 offer you great options in how you’d like to make your impact, so it’s important to understand the characteristics of each before filing.
So, here’s the breakdown…
3 Types of 501(c)3 Nonprofit Organizations
1. Public Charity: This is the most common form of 501(c)3 and is what most people associate with the term “nonprofit.” Churches, libraries, museums, hospitals and private schools can qualify as public charity nonprofits.
Others include service-oriented nonprofits that rely on fundraising for more than one-third of their operating budgets. The United Way, Special Olympics and the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals are examples of service-oriented public charities.
Public charities are eligible to receive tax-deductible donations from individuals (up to 50% of the donor’s income) and corporations (up to 10% of the organization’s revenue), and are governed by a board of directors.
2. Private Foundation: A private foundation does not have active programs and can either be non-operating or corporate. Private foundations receive revenue through a smaller donor audience, usually consisting of a family, community group or through a business. They use this income to give grants that further the charitable work of other organizations.
Donations to 501(c)3 private foundations are still tax-deductible for individuals (up to 30% of the donor’s income). Examples of 501(c)3 private foundations include the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the Ford Foundation.
3. Private Operating Foundation: Private Operating Foundations are similar to Private Foundations, but also have active programs like those found in a public charity. Many consider these foundations to be a hybrid between public charities and private foundations.
A Private Operating Foundation finances its own programs instead of sponsoring outside charitable activities. Popular private operating foundation endeavors include those that address the needs of low-income communities, support research for diseases and cures and manage the operation of museums and libraries.
IRS regulations on Private Operating Foundations are similar to those on Private Foundations and donations are still tax-deductible. A few examples of a Private Operating Foundation are the J. Paul Getty Trust and the Scoliosis Research and Education Foundation.
And there you have it! I hope you find these distinctions useful on your journey to bringing your mission to life and obtaining 501(c)3 tax-exempt status.
If you know the type of 501(c)3 you’re launching and would to obtain your tax-exempt status quick and hassle free, then click here for more details on our InstantNonrprofitService.
To your mission,
Jacqui Long | Yippiekiyay